Plantar fascia is a thick connective tissue stretching underneath the sole. Tearing the transverse ligament produces pain and inflammation in plantar fascia or plantar aponeurosis. Such lesion causes pain in the heel that radiates into the anterior part of the foot. Plantar fasciitis is also known as heel spur, although it is not necessarily the same thing. A spur is a bony excrescence developing at the insertion of the fascia into the heel bone, calcaneus.
We usually prescribe some fascia stretching exercises to be done at home not less than twice a day and also a clinic course of rehabilitation physiotherapy. If these methods turn out insufficient, a computerized gait analysis is made. The findings are used to fabricate individual orthotic insoles from a mould of patients’ feet. Conservative treatment has proved to be successful, so there is no need to employ surgery, excluding some cases.