Osteochondromas are benign tumors, abnormal growths forming on the surface of a bone. They may develop on toe phalanges, exerting pressure and producing pain in the nail growth area. Their etiology is related to past traumas and anatomical alterations of the toes that lead to hyperextension (the toe tip raised upward).
Interdigital exostosis, or bony excrescence, appears on the inside as well as on the outside of the phalanx, forming extremely painful corns between the toes or on their exterior surface as a result of pressure against other toes or the shoe.
Non-surgical therapy consists in regular callosity elimination and application of silicone toe separators that ensure a certain discomfort-free period.
Bony prominence can be removed by a simple intervention performed through a two-millimeter incision under local anesthesia. Patients return home after the surgery without any postoperative footwear or internal fixators. Weekly medical examinations have to be attended until complete recovery that normally takes 3-6 weeks depending on the patient.